Gandhi: Quiet Scenes From a Revolutionary Life

Mohandas Gandhi ends his last fast, 1948
Margaret Bourke-White—Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images
Gandhi often went on hunger strikes as a method of anti-government resistance. Here in 1948, he's seen ending his last fast, which was intended to persuade Hindus and Muslims to work towards peace. Mere weeks after this picture was taken, a Hindu extremist would assassinate him as he headed to an evening prayer meeting.
Great Leaders
'40s

In a unique, celebrated career spanning decades, LIFE photographer Margaret Bourke-White fearlessly documented countless facets of the human experience, from the aspirational (the building of Montana’s monumental Fort Peck Dam) to the utterly barbaric (the liberation of Nazi concentration camps at the end of World War II). Her trailblazing assignments, for LIFE and as a freelancer, ranged from stories about the Soviet Union in the late 1920s to a riveting feature on segregation in the American South in the 1950s. She was the first woman photographer to fly on bombing runs into Germany during World War II. And on and on and on.

Bourke-White was also, it turns out, a friend to — as well as a close chronicler of the extraordinary life of — Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi; in fact, she was the last person to interview him hours before his assassination in January 1948. It’s hardly surprising, really, that Bourke-White would be drawn to a figure like Gandhi. After all, for her entire career, she focused her lens on the human side of any issue — no matter how brutal or unsettling the subject matter — and Gandhi’s emphasis on liberty and dignity in the face of savage resistance spoke directly to her own passion for both justice and for adventure.

Here, some of Bourke-Whites most revealing, most intimate glimpses of the spiritual leader and revolutionary thinker known to generations of Hindus as the “Great Soul.”

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