To the Moon and Back: LIFE Covers the Lunar Landing
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Neil Armstrong, the first human to set foot on the moon, died on August 25, 20012. In honor of his life and career, LIFE.com is republishing the page spreads — and, in effect, the entire issue — of LIFE magazine’s famous August 11, 1969, special edition, “To the Moon and Back.” For millions of people who witnessed the Apollo 11 mission, watching on television or following it on the radio as humanity improbably, marvelously, actually walked on the moon, the event perhaps did not feel quite real until, more than two weeks later, LIFE published its definitive account of the epic journey.
Today, in the age of immediate-and-incessant-media-consumption, learning that any publication had the confidence — or the audacity — to wait for two hours, much less two weeks, before publishing its take on arguably the most important and stirring story of the 20th century might strike some as close to unbelievable. But for a magazine like LIFE, which had earned its reputation as the de facto chronicler of the Space Race not through dumb luck but through years and years of hard work, phenomenal photography and inspired reporting, waiting two weeks was simply the price one paid for getting it right.
One look through the page spreads in this gallery (we recommend viewing all of the slides in “full screen” mode) make it clear that with this one special issue, LIFE did what it set out to do: the magazine created not only the best first draft of history around the 1969 lunar landing that anyone was ever going to see, but produced an astonishingly comprehensive, coherent and, at times, even poetic account of what LIFE’s editors called “history’s greatest exploration.”
As Armstrong and his fellow astronauts Buzz Aldrin and command module pilot Michael Collins reached out for destiny all those years ago, 500 million people around the world watched in awe as the grainy black-and-white television footage beamed back to Earth from the cold surface of the moon — and it seemed then, for America, that anything was possible. In a sense, LIFE magazine shared in that triumph, as it had rigorously followed and reported on the soaring successes and the tragedies of America’s space program since well before president John Kennedy in 1961 challenged the country to put a man on the moon.
Less than a decade later, America did just that. This is what it looked like, and what it felt like, to be a part of it — for the three men who flew, and the countless others on Earth who watched, and marveled, and willed them safely back home.